NSC3™ applied to Structure Fire Fighting
Things that the Commander must make rapid decisions about:
- Life safety
- Incident stabilization
- Property conservation
- Environment protection
- Limited ways in and out
- What is the building is used for (what is stored inside)?
- Cannot tell where the fire is
- Has the fire been burning undetected?
- Must determine floor plan or layout (no pre-tire intel)
- Construction Type
Here are the stages of a structural fire.
- Incipient – This first stage begins when heat, oxygen and a fuel source combine and have a chemical reaction resulting in fire. This is also known as “ignition” and is usually represented by a very small fire which often (and hopefully) goes out on its own, before the following stages are reached. Recognizing a fire in this stage provides your best chance at suppression or escape.
- Growth – The growth stage is where the structures fire load and oxygen are used as fuel for the fire. There are numerous factors affecting the growth stage including where the fire started, what combustibles are near it, ceiling height and the potential for “thermal layering”. It is during this shortest of the 4 stages when a deadly “flashover” can occur; potentially trapping, injuring or killing firefighters.
- Fully Developed – When the growth stage has reached its max and all combustible materials have been ignited, a fire is considered fully developed. This is the hottest phase of a fire and the most dangerous for anybody trapped within.
- Decay – Usually the longest stage of a fire, the decay stage is characterized a significant decrease in oxygen or fuel, putting an end to the fire. Two common dangers during this stage are first – the existence of non-flaming combustibles, which can potentially start a new fire if not fully extinguished. Second, there is the danger of a backdraft when oxygen is reintroduced to a volatile, confined space.
Structural Fire Fighting contains a complex combination of ingredients that creates a difficult set of decisions to be made in a short amount of time. Getting you more eyes and ears on the scene is how we can help.
When you need to disseminate all this information to make intelligence-based decisions across your organization you might consider this:
Owning or subscribing to a robust scalable communications platform is what NSC3™ brings to the scene of the Fire.
Commanders and field crews can get Realtime Information to make intelligence-based decisions in a secure environment that enables higher awareness of the situation as it unfolds.
The NSC3 Platform™ is made up of these component apps:
NSC Web App™ a web application that provides a dashboard view through any device that supports a web browser. This allows for the Command Center and field locations to be on the same page throughout the deployment at the fire.
NSC Mobile™ enables the video from smartphones to be streamed and recorded and shared with team members. NSC Mobile™ also allows team members to see the video stream from drones and other team members phones. Other features of the mobile app are Push To Talk, a map and chat capability.
NSC Drone™ enables the video from the drone camera or cameras to be streamed live, recorded, and secured so that it can be used later for After Action Review, Training and for Evidence if needed.
NSC IOT™ enables integration of other devices (cameras, sensors, License Plate Readers…) into the platform. If your fleet of vehicles is equipped with mobile routers NSC3™ can add more capability to your investment. NSC IOT™ can be installed to the building video management system to remotely access the feed immediately after fire alarm or 911 call.
From the moment that the fire is detected till the last embers are out NSC3™ can be in the eyes and ears of your organization when seconds count.
The use of UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles ) or Drones are becoming a widely used tool in firefighting, the ability to share live images securely from the drone to the team on the ground without the need for additional hardware is what makes the NSC Platform™ unique. On drones that have thermal cameras as well as daylight cameras the images from both cameras can be broadcast, recorded, and stored. As the fire stages evolve you can get Real Time updates to make decisions on where and when to deploy resources.
When the need arises to add more team members or defined Private Task Teams this can be done in a matter of seconds to provide more eyes and ears on the unfolding situation.